Radical left bibliography

Chronological bibliography on Western European radical left parties

Author: Paolo Chiocchetti

Version: provisional

Last update: 11.12.2017

This bibliography aims at providing a working tool to scholars of the radical left parties in Western Europe. Radical left parties are defined as to include all kind of partisan organisations beyond the social-democratic mainstream, including communist, left-socialist, far left, Eurocommunist, and modern radical left currents.

It is limited to works covering developments of any period from 1945 to present in at least three countries (or, before 1989, at least Italy and France). It includes monographs, collected books, special issues, articles in print scientific journals, and some grey literature. Excluded are: works exclusively focused on Central and Eastern European countries, pre-1945 developments, and non-party actors (e.g. intellectuals or civil society organisations); single-country analyses; two-country comparisons; theses; and most grey literature.

This provisional version will be enriched in the future with missing items, hyperlinks to the primary location of the works, references to reviews of the books, and sections on specific countries. Suggestions can be addressed to mail@paolochiocchetti.it.

Thanks to Nico Biver and Giorgos Charalambous for contributing.

GENERAL (1945–present)

  1. Almond, Gabriel A. (1947). “The resistance and the political parties of Western Europe”, Political Science Quarterly 62(1): 27–61.
  2. Einaudi, Mario, Jean-Marie Domenach and Aldo Garosci (1951). Communism in Western Europe. Ithaca: Cornell University.
  3. Borkenau, Franz (1953). European communism. New York: Harper & brothers.
  4. Almond, Gabriel A. (1954). The appeals of communism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  5. Lazitch, Branko (1956). Les partis communistes d’Europe. Paris: Les îles d’or.
  6. Griffith, William E. (ed.) (1964). Communism in Europe. Vol. 1. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  7. Griffith, William E. (ed.) (1967). Communism in Europe. Vol. 2. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  8. Starobin, Joseph R. (1965). “Communism in Western Europe”, Foreign Affairs
  9. Hill, Roland, Lothar Ruehl, Peter Schmid and Maximiliand Smidt (1968). Kommunistische Parteien im Westen: England, Frankreich, Italien, Skandinavien. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer.
  10. Schlomann, Friedrich Wilhelm and Paulette Friedlingstein (1970). Die Maoisten: Pekings Filianen in Westeuropa. Frankfurt am Main: Societäts-Verlag.
  11. McInnes, Neil (1974). “The communist parties of Western Europe and the EEC”, The World Today 30(2): 80–88.
  12. Claudin, Fernando (1975). The communist movements: from Comintern to Cominform. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
  13. Kindersley, Richard (ed.) (1975). The communist movement: from Comintern to Cominform. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
  14. McInnes, Neil (1975). The communist parties of Western Europe. London: Oxford University Press.
  15. Laux, Jeanne, and Albert Legault (eds.) (1975). Les partis communistes d’Europe occidentale. [special issue]. Études internationales 6(3).
  16. Tannahill, R. Neal (1976). “The future of the communist parties of Western Europe”. World Affairs 139(2): 141–154.
  17. Michel, Karl Markus and Harald Wieser (eds.) (1976). Volksfront für Europa? [special issue]. Kursbuch
  18. Marcou, Lilly and Marc Riglet (1976). “Du passé font-ils table rase? La conférence des partis communistes européens (Berlin, juin 1976)”, Revue Francaise des Sciences Politiques 26(6):1054-1079. [ publisher ]
  19. Blackmer, Donald L.M. and Sydney Tarrow (eds.) (1977). Communism in Italy and France. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  20. Della Torre, Paolo Filo, Edward Mortimer and Jonathan Story (1978). Eurocomunismo, mito o realtà? Milano: Mondadori. [English translation: (1979). Eurocommunism: myth or reality? Harmondsworth: Penguin.]
  21. Claudín, Fernando (1978). Eurocommunism and socialism. London: New Left Books.
  22. Mandel, Ernest (1978). From Stalinism to Eurocommunism: the bitter fruits of ‘socialism in one country’. London: New Left Books.
  23. Obendörfer, Dieter (ed.) (1978). Sozialistische und kommunistische Parteien in Westeuropa. Band I: Sudländer. Opladen: Springer Fachmedien.
  24. Tannahill, R. Neal (1978). The communist parties of Western Europe: a comparative study. Westport: Greenwood Press.
  25. Tökés, Rudolf L. (ed.) (1978). Eurocommunism and détente. New York: New York University Press.
  26. Rubbi, Antonio (1978). I partiti comunisti dell’Europa Occidentale. Milano: Teti.
  27. Timmermann, Heiz (ed.) (1978). Fakten, Analysen, Interviews. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer.
  28. Timmermann, Heiz (ed.) (1979). Die kommunistischen Parteien Südeuropas. Länderstudien und Queranalysen. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
  29. Albright, David (ed.) (1979). Communism and political systems in Western Europe. Boulder: Westview Press.
  30. Brown, Edward E. (1979). Eurocommunism & Eurosocialism: the Left confronts modernity. New York: Cyrco Press.
  31. Griffith, William E. (1979). The European left: Italy, France, and Spain. Lexington: Lexington Books.
  32. Leonhard, Wolfgang (1979). Eurocommunism: challenge for East and West. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
  33. Rühle, Hans and Hans-Joachim Veen (eds.) (1979). Sozialistische und kommunistische Parteien in Westeuropa. Band II: Nordländer. Opladen: Springer Fachmedien.
  34. Boggs, Carl and David Plotke (eds.) (1980). The politics of Eurocommunism: socialism in transition. Boston: South End Press.
  35. Childs, David (ed.) (1980). The changing face of Western communism. London: Croom Helm.
  36. Middlemas, Keith (1980). Power and the party: changing faces of Western communism. London: Deutsch.
  37. Kindersley, Richard (ed.) (1981). In search of Eurocommunism. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
  38. Lange, Peter and Maurizio Vannicelli (eds.) (1981). The communist parties of Italy, France and Spain: postwar change and continuity. A casebook. London: Allen and Unwin.
  39. Boggs, Carl (1982). The impasse of European communism. Boulder: Westview Press.
  40. Baumgarten, Jürgen (ed.) (1982). Linkssozialisten in Europa. Alternativen zu Sozialdemokratie und Kommunistischen Parteien. Hamburg: Junius.
  41. Machin, Howard (ed.) (1983). National communism in Western Europe: a third way to socialism? New York: Meuthen.
  42. Timmermann, Heinz (1985). Kommunistische Parteien un Westeuropa: Programme, Strukturen, Perspektiven. Teil I: Italien, Frankreich, Spanien. [report] Köln: Bundesinstitut für ostwissenschaftliche Studien.
  43. Timmermann, Heinz (1985). Kommunistische Parteien un Westeuropa: Programme, Strukturen, Perspektiven. Teil II: Finnland, Portugal, Zypern. [report] Köln: Bundesinstitut für ostwissenschaftliche Studien.
  44. Curtois, Stéphane and Anne Kriegel (eds.) (1986). Le communisme en Europe occidentale. Déclin ou mutation? [special issue]. Communisme, 11–12.
  45. Timmermann, Heinz (1987). The decline of the world communist movement: Moscow, Beijing, and Communist parties of the West. Boulder: Westview Press.
  46. Marcou, Lilly (1987). “The impossible ally: a survey of Western communism in the 1980s”, Journal of Communist Studies 3: 71–80.
  47. Lazar, Marc (1988). “Communism in Western Europe in the 1980s”, Journal of Communist Studies 4(3): 243–257.
  48. Curtois, Stéphane and Anne Kriegel (eds.) (1988). Le communisme en Europe occidentale. [special issue]. Communisme
  49. Waller, Michael and Meindert Fennema (Eds.) (1988). Communist Parties in Western Europe: decline or adaptation? Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
  50. Kellmann, Klaus (1988). Die kommunistischen Parteien in Westeuropa: Entwicklung zur Sozialdemokratie oder Sekte? Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta.
  51. Waller, Michael (1989). “The radical sources of the crisis in West European communist parties”, Political Studies 37(1): 39–61.
  52. Waller, Michael (ed.) (1990). Comrades and brothers: communism and trade unions in Europe [special issue]. Journal of Communist Studies 6(4).
  53. Narkiewicz, Olga (1990). The end of the Bolshevik dream: Western European communist parties in the late twentieth century. London: Routledge.
  54. Stern, Geoffrey (1990). The rise and decline of international communism. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.
  55. Alexander, Robert J. (1991). International Trotskyism, 1929–1985: a documented analysis of the movement. Durham: Duke University Press.
  56. Bull, Martin J. (1991). “A new era for the non–rulers too: West European communist parties, perestroika and the revolution in Eastern Europe”, Politics 11(1): 17–22.
  57. Waller, Michael, Stéphane Courtois and Marc Lazar (ed.) (1991). Comrades and brothers: communism and trade unions in Europe. London: Frank Cass.
  58. Gotovich, José, Pascal Delwit and Jean-Michel De Waele (1992). L’Europe des communistes. Bruxelles: Éditions Complexe, Bruxelles.
  59. Weitz, Eric D. (1992). Popular communism: political strategies and social histories in the formation of the German, French, and Italian communist parties, 1919–1948. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  60. Lazar, Marc (1992). Maisons rouges. Les Partis communistes français et italien de la Libération à nos jours. Paris: Aubier.
  61. Sassoon, Donald (1992). “The rise and fall of West European communism 1939–1948”, Contemporary European History 1(2): 139–169.
  62. Wilson, Frank (1992). “Communism at the crossroads: changing roles in Western democracies”, Problems of Communism 41(3): 95.
  63. Weichold, Jochen, Horst Dietzel and Herbert Schwenk (1992). Die europäische Linke. Vergleichende Studie zu linken Parteien und Bewegungen in Europa. Bonn: Pahl-Rugenstein.
  64. Wilson, Frank (1993). The failure of West European communism: implications for the future. New York: Paragon.
  65. Bell, David (ed.) (1993). West European communism and the collapse of communism. London: Berg.
  66. Bull, Martin J. and Paul Heywood (eds.) (1994). West European communist parties after the revolutions of 1989. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
  67. Anderson, Perry and Patrick Camiller (1994). Mapping the West European radical left. London: Verso.
  68. Ferrari, Franco (1994). Le sinistre in Europa. Partiti e movimenti nei singoli paesi europei dalla Scandinavia al Mediterraneo. Roma: Datanews.
  69. Bull, Martin J. (1995). “The West European communist movement in the late twentieth century”, West European Politics 18(1): 78–97.
  70. Sassoon, Donald (1996). One hundred years of socialism. The West European Left in the Twentieth Century. London: I.B. Tauris.
  71. Thomson, Willie (1997). The communist movement since 1945. Oxford: Blackwell.
  72. Moreau, Patrick, Marc Lazar and Gerhard Hirscher (eds.) (1998). Der Kommunismus in Westeuropa. Niedergang oder Mutation? Landsberg: Olzog.
  73. Agosti, Aldo (1999). Bandiere rosse. Un profilo storico dei comunismi europei. Roma: Editori Riuniti.
  74. Dreyfus, Michel, Bruno Groppo, Claudio-Sergio Ingerflom, Roland Lew, Claude Pennetier, Bernard Pudal and Serge Wolikow (eds.) (2000). Le siècle des communismes. Paris: Éditions de l’Atelier.
  75. Childs, David (2000). The Two Red Flags: European Social Democracy & Soviet Communism Since 1945. Abindgon: Routledge.
  76. Hudson, Kate (2000). European Communism since 1989: towards a new European left? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  77. Bartolini, Stefano (2000). The political mobilization of the European left, 1860–1980: The class cleavage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  78. Bosco, Anna (2000). Trasformazioni di partito in Italia, Spagna e Portogallo. Bologna: Il Mulino.
  79. Melchionda, Enrico (2000). ‘La sinistra alternativa in Europa. Il gruppo e i partiti della sinistra unita europea’, in Antonio Cantaro (ed.). Europa: politiche diritti costituzione. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  80. Alexander, Robert J. (2001). Maoism in the developed world. Westport: Praeger.
  81. Wehr, Andreas (2001). “Die Linken im Europäischen Parlament”, – Zeitschrift Marxistische Erneuerung 47.
  82. Neubert, Harald (2001). “Sozialisten und Kommunisten in Europa: zwischen sozialistischer Programmatik und Reformpolitik”, – Zeitschrift Marxistische Erneuerung 47.
  83. Eley, Geoff (2002). Forging democracy. The history of the Left in Europe, 1850–2000. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  84. Bracke, Maud and Thomas Ekman Jorgensen (2002). West European communism after Stalinism. Comparative approaches. [working paper] Fiesole: European University Institute.
  85. Botella, Juan and Luis Ramiro (eds.) (2003). The Crisis of Communism and Party Change: the Evolution of Western European Communist and post-Communist Parties. Barcelona: ICPS.
  86. Guiat, Cyrille (2003). The French and Italian communist parties: comrades and culture. London: Frank Cass.
  87. Ramiro Fernández, Luis (2003). The crisis of Western Communist parties: reconsidering socio-structural explanations. [Working paper]. Madrid: Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.
  88. Marantzidis, Nikos (2004). “Exit, Voice or Loyalty? Les stratégies des parties communistes d’Europe de l’Ouest après 1989”, Communisme 76/77: 169–184.
  89. Brie, Michael and Cornelia Hildebrandt (eds.) (2005). Für ein anderes Europa. Linke Parteien im Aufbruch. [report] Berlin: Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung.
  90. Pina, Christina (2005). L’extrême gauche en Europe. Paris: La Documentation Française.
  91. March, Luke and Cas Mudde (2005). “What’s left of the radical left? The European radical left after 1989: decline and mutation”, Comparative European Politics 3(1): 23–49.
  92. Dunphy, Richard (2005). Contesting Capitalism: Left Parties and European Integration. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  93. Kowalski, Ronald (2006). European communism: 1848–1991. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  94. Brie, Michael and Cornelia Hildebrandt (eds.) (2006). Parteien und Bewegungen. Die Linke im Aufbruch. [report] Berlin: Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung.
  95. Service, Robert (2007). Comrades! A history of world communism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  96. Bracke, Maud (2007). Which socialism, whose détente? West European communism and the Czechoslovak crisis of 1968. Budapest: CEU Press.
  97. Kroll, Thomas (2007). Kommunistische Intellektuelle in Westeuropa: Frankreich, Österreich, Italien und Großbritannien im Vergleich (1945–1956). Wien: Böhlau Verlag.
  98. Horn, Gerd–Rainer (2007). The spirit of ’68. Rebellion in Western Europe and North America, 1956–1976. Oxford: Oxford University Press .
  99. LaPorte, Norman, Kevin Morgan and Matthew Worley (eds.) (2008). Bolshevism, Stalinism and the comintern. Perspectives on Stalinization, 1917–1953. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  100. Klimke, Martin and Joachim Scharloth (eds.) (2008). 1968 in Europe: A history of protest and activism, 1956–77. London: Palgrave.
  101. March, Luke (2008). Contemporary far left parties in Europe: from Marxism to mainstream? [report] Berlin: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.
  102. Backes, Uwe and Patrick Moreau (eds.) (2008). Communist and post-communist parties in Europe. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht.
  103. Gehrig, Sebastian, Barbara Mittler and Felix Wemheuer (eds.) (2008). Kulturrevolution als Vorbild? Maoismen im deutschsprachigen Raum. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
  104. Renner, Jens et al. (2008). Linke Parteien in Europa [special issue]. Zeitschrift Marxistische Erneuerung 75.
  105. Hildebrandt, Cornelia and Birgit Daiber (eds.) (2009). The left in Europe. Political parties and party alliances between Norway and Turkey. [report] Berlin: Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung.
  106. Priestland, David (2009). The red flag: communism and the making of the modern world. London: Allen Lane.
  107. Brown, Archie (2009). The rise and fall of communism. New York: Ecco.
  108. Daiber, Birgit, Cornelia Hildebrandt and Anna Striethorst (eds.) (2010). “Von Revolution bis Koalition”. Linke Parteien in Europa. Berlin: Dietz Verlag.
  109. Olsen, Jonathan, Michael Koß and Dan Hough (eds.) (2010). Left parties in national governments. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  110. Wettig, Gerhard et al. (2010). Die Geschichte der kommunistischen Bewegung in Westeuropa nach 1945 [special issue] Jahrbuch für Historische Kommunismusforschung
  111. Diers, Andreas (2010). ‘Linkssozialismus – eine Übersich’, in Klaus Kinner (ed.). Die Linke – Erbe und Tradition, Band 2: Wurzeln des Linkssozialismus. Berlin: Dietz. 201, 17–38.
  112. Pons, Silvio (2011). ‘Stalin and the European communists after World War Two (1943–1949)’, Past and Present 6: 121–138.
  113. Bale, Tim and Richard Dunphy (2011). “In from the cold? Left parties and government involvement since 1989”, Comparative European Politics 9(3): 269–291.
  114. Calossi, Enrico (2011). Organizzazione e funzioni degli Europartiti. Il caso di Sinistra Europea. Pisa: Edizioni PLUS.
  115. Bensaïd, Daniel, Alda Sousa, Alan Thornett and others (2011). New parties of the Left: experiences from Europe. London: Resistance Books.
  116. March, Luke (2011). Radical left parties in contemporary Europe. Basingstoke: Routledge.
  117. Charalambous, Giorgos (2011). “All shades of red: examining the radical left´s Euroscepticism”, Contemporary Politics 17(3): 299–320.
  118. Smith, W. Rand (2012). Enemy brothers: socialists and communists in France, Italy, and Spain. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield.
  119. Daiber, Birgit, Cornelia Hildebrandt and Anna Striethorst (eds.) (2012). From revolution to coalition – radical left parties in Europe. [report] Berlin: Rosa-Luxembourg-Stiftung.
  120. De Waele, Jean-Michel and Daniel-Louis Seiler (eds.) (2012). Le partis de la gauche anticapitaliste en Europe. Paris: Economica.
  121. Hudson, Kate (2012). The new European left. A socialism for the twenty-first century? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  122. Mannewitz, Tom (2012). Linksextremistische Parteien in Europa nach 1990. Ursachen für Wahlerfolge und – misserfolge. Baden Baden: Nomos.
  123. March, Luke and André Freire (2012). A Esquerda Radical em Portugal e na Europa: Marxismo, Mainstream ou Marginalidade? Aveleda: Quidnovi.
  124. Strippoli, Giulia (2013). Il partito e il movimento. Comunisti europei alla prova del Sessantotto. Roma: Carocci.
  125. Charalambous, Giorgos (2013). European integration and the communist dilemma: communist party responses to Europe in Greece, Cypris and Italy. Farnham: Ashgate.
  126. Ducange, Jean-Numa, Philippe Marlière and Louis Weber (2013). La gauche radicale en Europe. Paris: Éditions du Croquant.
  127. Tsakatika, Myrto and Marco Lisi (eds.) (2013). The radical left in Southern Europe [special issue]. South European Society and Politics 18(1).
  128. Tsakatika, Myrto and Marco Lisi (eds.) (2013b). Transformations of the radical left in Southern Europe. Bringing society back in? Abingdon: Routledge.
  129. Escalona, Fabien and Mathieu Vieira (2013). La gauche radicale en Europe, ou l´émergence d´une famille de partis. [report] Paris: Fondation Jean-Jaurès.
  130. Janssen, Thilo (2013). The parties of the left in Europe. A comparison of their positions on European policy leading into the 2014 European elections. [report] Berlin: Rosa-Luxembourg-Stiftung.
  131. Courtois, Stéphane and Patrick Moreau (eds.) (2014). En Europe. L’éternel retour des communistes 1989-2014. [special issue]. Communisme
  132. Biver, Nico (2015). “Verschwindet die Linke? Mitgliederentwicklung und Wahlergebnisse linker Parteien in Westeuropa seit den 1970er Jahren”, Z – Zeitschrift Marxistische Erneuerung 101: 141–153 and 102: 141–151 .
  133. Baier, Walter (2015). Linker Aufbruch in Europa. Wien: Edition Steinbauer.
  134. Hildebrandt, Cornelia (ed.) (2015). Situation on the Left in Europe after the EU elections: new challenges. [report] Berlin: Rosa-Luxembourg-Stiftung.
  135. Genga, Nicola (2015). “La sinistra radicale in Europa dal 1989: inadeguata e riluttante a governare?”, Democrazia e diritto 3: 63–77.
  136. Gomez, Raul, Laura Morales and Luis Ramiro (2015). “Varieties of radicalism: examining the diversity of radical left parties and voters in Western Europe”, West European Politics 39(2): 351–379, doi:1080/01402382.2015.1064245.
  137. March, Luke and Charlotte Rommerskirchen (2015). “Out of left field? Explaining the variable electoral success of European radical left parties”, Party Politics 21(1): 40–53, doi:1177/1354068812462929.
  138. Tarditi, Valeria (2015). “Times of crisis: success or decline of the left?”, Partecipazione & Conflitto 8(1): 215–240.
  139. Amini, Babak (ed.) (2015). The radical left in Europe [special issue]. Socialism & Democracy
  140. Amini, Babak (ed.) (2016). The radical left in Europe in the age of austerity. Abingdon: Routledge. [ worldcatpublisher ]
  141. Musto, Marcello (2016). “La sinistra radicale in Europa dopo il 1989: bilanci e prospettive”, Alternative per il Socialismo 39: 195–224. [ copy ]
  142. Delwit, Pascal (2016). Les gauches radicales en Europe. XIXe–XXIe siècles. Bruxelles: ULB. [ worldcatpublisher ]
  143. March, Luke and Daniel Keith (eds.) (2016). Europe’s radical left. From marginality to the mainstream? London: Rowman and Littlefield. [ worldcatpublisher ]
  144. Sunkara, Bhaskar and Catarina Príncipe (eds.) (2016). Europe in Revolt. Mapping the New European Left. Chicago: Haymarket. [ worldcatpublisher ]
  145. Calossi, Enrico (2016). Anti-austerity left parties in the European Union: competition, coordination and integration.  Pisa: Pisa University Press. [ worldcatpublisher
  146. Charalambous, Giorgos and Iasonas Lamprianou (2016). “Societal responses to the post-2008 economic crisis among South European and Irish radical left parties: continuity or change and why?”, Government and Opposition 51(2): 261–293, doi:1017/gov.2014.35.
  147. Damiani, Marco (2016). La sinistra radicale in Europa. Italia, Spagna, Francia, Germania. Roma: Donzelli.
  148. Ramiro, Luis (2016). “Support for radical left parties in Western Europe: social background, ideology and political orientations”, European Political Science Review 8(1): 1–23, doi:1017/S1755773914000368.
  149. Beaudonnet, Laurie and Raul Gomez (2017). “Red Europe versus no Europe? The impact of attitudes toward the EU and the economic crisis on radical-left voting”, West European Politics 40(2): 316-335, doi:10.1080/01402382.2016.1222806.
  150. Charalambous, Giorgos and Iasonas Lamprianou (2017). “The (non) particularities of West European radical left party supporters: comparing left party families”, European Political Science Review 9(3):375-400. doi:10.1017/S1755773915000429.
  151. Chiocchetti, Paolo (2017). The radical left party family in Western Europe, 1989–2015. Abingdon: Routledge. [worldcat / publisher]
  152. Escalona, Fabien (2017). “The heritage of Eurocommunism in the contemporary radical left”. Socialist Register 53.
  153. Fagerholm, Andreas (2017). “What is left for the radical left? A comparative examination of the policies of radical left parties in Western Europe before and after 1989”, Journal of Contemporary European Studies 25(1): 16-40, doi:10.1080/14782804.2016.1148592.
  154. Holmes, Michael (2017). “Contesting integration. The radical left and Euroscepticism”. In: John FitzGibbon, Benjamin Leruth and Nick Startin (eds.) Euroscepticism as a transnational and pan-European phenomenon: the emergence of a new sphere of opposition. Abingdon: Routledge.
  155. Rooduijn, Matthijs and Tjitske Akkerman (2017) “Flank attacks: populism and left-right radicalism in Western Europe”. Party Politics 23(3): 193-204. doi:10.1177/1354068815596514.
  156. Keith, Dan (2018). “Opposing Europe, opposing austerity. Radical left parties and the Eurosceptic debate”. In: Benjamin Leruth, Nicholas Startin and Simon Usherwood (eds). The Routledge handbook of Euroscepticism. Abingdon: Routledge.
  157. Wennerhag, Magnus, Christian Fröhlich and Grzegorz Piotrowski (eds) (2018). Radical left movements in Europe. Abingdon: Routledge.
  158. A.O.P. Keith, Daniel J. and Tània Verge (2016). “Nonmainstream left parties and women’s representation in Western Europe”. Party Politics, advance online publication.
  159. A.O.P. Gomez, Raul and Luis Ramiro (2017). “Beyond the 2008 great recession. Economic factors and electoral support for the radical left in Europe”. Party Politics, advance online publication.